Sultan Abdul-Hamid Khan the Caliph

February 6, 2008 § 6 Comments

At the end of Sultan Abdul-Hamid Khan’s rule as the Caliph of the Ottoman State, he was under pressure from the Young Turks, Mustafa Kemal (known as Ataturk) and their Committee of Unity and Progress (C.U.P.) to offer up Palestine for the development of a Jewish State. He refused money offerings and strategic partnerships, to stand for what meant most to him: Islam, the Tradition of Muhammad (may Peace and Blessings be upon him) and the Ummah of Muhammad. In a letter to Shaykh Mohammad Efendi Abu Shamat of the Shazali Tariqat, Sultan Abdul-Hamid Khan II wrote,
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I left the post of the ruler of Caliphate only because of the obstacles and threats on the side of people who call them “Young Turks”. “The Committee of Unity and Progress” (Ataturk was one of its leaders, the comment of the translator) obsessively insist on my agreement to form a national Jewish state in the sacred land of Palestine. But in spite of their obstinacy I strongly refused them. In the end they offered me 150 mln English pounds in gold, but again I refused and said the following to them.

“If you offer me all the gold of the world adding it to your 150 mln, I won’t agree to give you the land. I have served the Islam and the ummah of Mohammad, peace and blessings be upon him, for more than 30 years, and I won’t cloud the Islamic history, the history of my fathers and grand fathers Ottoman sultans and caliph.” (Marks. K; Engels, F; Comp, T. V. 10, p. 173)

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§ 6 Responses to Sultan Abdul-Hamid Khan the Caliph

  • GreenSufi says:

    excellent! Thanks for bringing this to our attention.
    And of course ‘Ataturk’ accepted money- posing as a Ghazi – including Indian Muslim gold while secretly plotting to end the Khilafat. I’ve seen a letter of his signed Ghazi Kemal Pasha thanking Bengali Muslims for donating gold to the Ottoman cause.
    Was he a traitor or had a genuine change of heart for the worse? Perhaps you can shed light on this.

  • Saifuddin says:


    as-salaamu ‘alaikum GreenSufi. alhamdulillah, I think this is your first comment here. MashaAllah, thank you for coming. You wrote in reference to ‘Ataturk’,

    “Was he a traitor or had a genuine change of heart for the worse?”

    I am not sure but I can look into it. In addition, you know what I found very interesting is that Sultan Abdul Hamid KhanII is probably the last state leader to be openly performing daily wird (litanies) as he also says in the letter:

    “My lord, God being my helper, I devote days and nights to reciting wirds and I ask to always remember me in Your prayers.

    This is very interesting indeed. The whole world changed after he stepped down. And we are seeing the results now… and this is just the beginning inshaAllah we will wake up from this ghaflat.


  • Abu Saif says:

    This shows the nature of a true Islamic leader. Compare this beautiful leader to the treacherous dogs who claim to be our leaders today. He would not give the sacred land of Islam for anything. Surely we must work to resume this great leadership

  • Saifuddin says:


    as-salaamu ‘alaikum. Abu Saif, welcome to you. Thank you for your comment. You wrote,

    “Compare this beautiful leader to the treacherous dogs who claim to be our leaders today.

    We have only ourselves to blame Abu Saif:

    We must ask ourselves who have we given our alligience to?

    We must ask ourselves are we following that one?

    Then we have to determine if we are actually on the way of Sayyidina Maulana Muhammad (may Peace and Blessing be upon him)? Are we on the way of Haqq?

    I normally do not quote Qur’an al-kerim, I have no such right, but I am asking destur and medet in this case. It says in the Qur’an al-kerim,

    “Follow those who ask of you no fee, and who are rightly guided.” (Sura Yasin, 36: 21)


  • Al says:

    Who was the Shaykh Mohammad Efendi Abu Shamat and where did he end up residing?

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