Sufism Is An Obligation on Muslims
February 3, 2008 § 18 Comments
According to the Radd al-Mukhtar, a compilation of fatawa by Imam al-Azam, Abu Hanifa (ra), it is obligatory on Muslims to acquire some knowledge of tasawwuf, saying:
“It is fard-i ‘ain for every Muslim, man or woman, to learn kalam, fiqh and tasawwuf as much as necessary out of these eight branches, and it is a guilt, a sin, not to learn them.” (Al-Hadiqa, p. 323)
The eight branches mentioned in the above passage is referring to the Traditional Religious Sciences of Al-‘Ulum an-Naqliyya. These are the sciences acquired through association with the ‘ulama’ of the Ahl as-Sunnat. The ‘ulama of Islam derived these sciences from the four main sources: the Qur’an al-kerim, the Hadith ash-Sharif, ijma’ al-Umma (consensus of Muslims) and qiyas al-fuqaha (legal rulings of Islamic Scholars).