What Everybody Ought To Know About the Quran
September 26, 2010 § 12 Comments
Muslims believe the Qur’an is unique and the sole example of its kind. We believe the Qur’an is eternal and a miracle of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (may Peace and Blessings be upon him, his family and his Companions). We believe that all people, all nations and all believers have been endowed with the responsibility to have faith in it and that it will be relevant until the Last Day. And no other Divine Book will come afterward.
The first revelation of the Qur’an began in the 41st year after the birth of the Holy Prophet (may Peace and Blessings be upon him). Its first Sura (chapter); al-’Alaq or al-Iqra was revealed on the 9th of Rabi’ul Awwal of the first year of the Prophethood.
The first verse starts with the command to “Read” (recite):
- Read in the name of your Lord who created.
- He created man from a clot (congealed blood).
- Read, and your Lord is Most Honorable .
- Who taught with the Pen.
- Taught man what he knew not.
These words were conveyed to the Holy Prophet by Gabriel the Archangel, on God’s command while meditating in a cave on Mount Hira. Gabriel said to him: “Recite”. And the Holy Prophet answered: “What shall I recite?” This was repeated three times, then Gabriel relayed the first five verses (as noted above). This was the beginning of the Qur’an.
The Compilation of The Quran
In the early days of Muhammad’s Prophethood (may Peace and Blessings be upon him), Halit the son of Sa’id accepted Islam and was asked to record a portion of the revelations. Overtime there were as many as fourty-two scribes that were appointed by the Holy Prophet himself.
Eventually, Hanzala the son of Rabi’ was appointed as the Chief of the scribes whose duty was to be with the Holy Prophet at all time to ensure that there was a continuous record of the Holy Prophet’s revelations and life.
The Companion and famous poet Zayd son of Thabit was also a scribe. He has described what occurred during the recording of the revelations saying:
“When a verse was revealed, the Prophet called me. I presented myself at once with the plate, pen and ink-pot. The Prophet used to dictate the revealed verses, then he would asked me to rehearse the Sura and get it corrected then it was ordered to be promulgated.”
After the Holy Prophet’s passing, Zayd son of Thabit was entrusted with the responsibility of compiling the written record of the Qur’an, by the Caliph Hazreti Abu Bakr Siddiq (may Allah be pleased with him). After Zayd was Umar’s daughter Hafsa (may Allah be pleased with them both) and after that, the third Caliph ‘Usman son of ‘Affan had Zayd’s compilation re-produced and widely distributed.
It was under Divine Guidance that the Qur’an was compiled and has been preserved an intact in its entirety from then to now.
Conduct and Manners Concerning the Quran:
- Reciting it in clean places.
- Placing the Qur’an in high places.
- Only handling the Qur’an with wudu (ritual purity)
- Reciting the Qur’an properly to the best of your ability.
- Listening to the Qur’an attentively when it is being recited.
- Showing respect to it, because the recitation of the Qur’an is understood as God’s word.